Having a baby might be one of the happiest events in people’s lives. These little beings bring joy, tenderness and more closeness to their parents. However, planning to have a baby includes getting prepared to great responsibilities, and especially gathering information on how to feed them, clean them and keep them healthy. Also, there are many facts that many people don’t know about newborn babies. Keep reading to find put about 13 curious Things about Newborn Babies That You Probably Didn’t Know.
1. They don’t have kneecaps.
At birth, the knees have only a little cartilage to allow movement and growth. The patella that we see in adults, round and strong, does not come until later. Bone plaques form here between 3 and 5 years. These plates will grow and weld together to eventually form the final patella around 10 or 12 years old.
2. They have way more bones than we do.
Did you know that a baby has 300 bones while an adult has only 207? Bones don’t go away over time, it is rather that several of these bones come together to form the bones we know.
The whole process will be complete by the time they turn 25, after which, bones can no longer grow.
3. They may cry a lot, but they have no tears.
Babies cannot produce tears at birth. Chances are you’ll see your baby screaming and moaning and wondering where his tears are, but you won’t see any until he’s a month old, maybe even older, depending on how fast his lachrymal glands are developing.
This characteristic is common to all newborns. The reason is simple: their tear ducts are present and functional, but not yet fully developed. These organs take four to five weeks to fully form and allow the baby to cry with tears.
4. And they remember what they tasted in the womb.
The future baby acquires the notion of taste very early on. From the twelfth week of gestation, your unborn baby can swallow the amniotic fluid. All of the taste cells gradually fall into place on his little tongue, but it is not until the twenty-sixth week that the taste information reaches the central nervous system. In other words, nestled in your womb, your baby is really able to perceive flavors from the last trimester of pregnancy.
5. They also remember sounds they heard while in the uterus.
Babies would remember words heard in the uterus. This is what a recent Finnish study says, according to which the fetus recognizes the sounds heard in its mother’s womb.
6. They can have a mini period.
In young girls, the sudden drop in maternal hormones after birth hormones leads to “withdrawal bleeding” (similar to the drop in hormones at the end of a woman’s cycle or stopping the pill leading to menstruation).
Question timing, they begin around the third day of life and can last a few days, and more rarely several weeks (maximum 6 weeks … as for the after-effects of childbirth in the young mother who takes the same time to eliminate the hormonal surplus of the pregnancy). Only female newborns are affected by this period.
7. They can also have mini breasts.
Under the influence of maternal hormones, part of the water in the baby’s body after birth will concentrate in the genital areas (vulva in little girls, bursaries in little boys, breasts for both). This is called the genital crisis. Concretely, this will result for example, in the boy, by a transient gynecomastia (“mammary thrust”) or an edema of the bursaries (hydrocele).
In girls, gynecomastia is possible as is swelling of the labia minora and labia majora. White vaginal discharge (leucorrhoea) is also possible.
8. Some can even produce milk.
Witch’s milk or neonatal milk is milk secreted from the breasts of some newborn human infants of either sex. Neonatal milk secretion is considered a normal physiological occurrence and no treatment or testing is necessary. It is thought to be caused by a combination of the effects of maternal hormones before birth, prolactin, and growth hormone passed through breastfeeding and the postnatal pituitary and thyroid hormone surge in the infant.
Breast milk production occurs in about 5% of newborns and can persist for two months though breast buds can persist into childhood.
9. They can get pimples.
Baby’s skin is smooth and soft, but it is also very fragile. During the first few years, your child may develop infant acne, characterized by small red, pink or white pimples on the forehead, cheeks and chin, more rarely on the chest and back. These lesions are not painful, they do not itch. They usually appear from the first days of life.
In infants, acne is directly linked to the strong hormonal surge that his mother experiences at the end of the pregnancy. Most often, infant acne disappears after a few weeks without requiring any special treatment.
10. Some babies can have oddly-shaped heads.
At birth, babies’ skulls are soft and pliable, allowing the head to pass through the vagina during childbirth. Since the skull is soft, a slight deformation of the head is often seen in newborns. Usually everything is fine after the first few weeks after birth.The swelling will go away and your baby’s head will become rounded over time. On the other hand, if you had a cesarean birth without any labor, your baby’s head may be round and perfect from the start.
11. They may sneeze a lot.
Your baby sneezes often: this is a normal. Because the hairs inside his nose are not developed enough, he can sneeze up to 12 times a day to remove the secretions that are interfering with his breathing. From birth, your baby may sneeze several times a day as a natural reflex and not necessarily because of a health problem. However, other symptoms associated with sneezing can point to a viral infection or allergy. So you just have to carefully monitor the general health of your little one when this happens, especially during his first months.
12. They may have crossed eyes.
Vision is the last sense to develop in the fetus. The newborn’s ability to perceive shades of light appears from the 7th month of life in the womb. Vision is also one of the least stimulated senses at birth.
It is normal for a baby to squint or to have crossed eyes, especially during the first 5 months of life, as both eyes are not yet working together. In fact, newborns do not yet have the ability to see with both eyes at the same time. This ability is generally acquired around 3 to 5 months. Before both eyes are able to fixate and move together, one can observe that one eye does not appear to be symmetrical to the other. The child is then said to be squinting or suffering from strabismus.
Many newborns squint intermittently, and not always with the same eye. Persistent eye deviation after 6 months of age, however, requires evaluation.
13. They may even sleep with their eyes open.
You didn’t know it but yes, your baby has supernatural powers when he sleeps. Yes, a baby can sleep with his eyes open. His eyes turn in all directions without fixing or roll back and flutter? Well, baby is sleeping. He is in a light sleep. It is therefore not a question of waking him up by talking to him. He will go into a heavier sleep and close his eyes.
Also, babies have longer rapid eye movement (REM) sleep than adults. This, combined with their still-developing nervous system, can lead to their eyes popping open while they’re asleep.